Health Problems in India | Challenges or Types | News Mint

 Health Problems in India | Challenges or Types | News Mint

Health problems in India

Health Problems in India –

When it comes to talking about the health problems in India. India a most populated countries in the world, then no doubt you must get to see India ranking 1st on the chart. However, it used to come after China, but an online source recently claimed that India tops the list with over 1,428,627,663 people living in the country. Preventing illness and other diseases from such a big number of population is not a cup of tea. However, despite launching several health schemes for the people of the nation, a large number of the population is still suffering from different types of illnesses. Today, here we will talk about the 6 major health problems in India. So, be here till the end to know the complete information.

India is a land of diversity, known for its rich culture, traditions, and vast population. Despite the fact it also faces a wide number of health challenges that affect the well-being of its citizens. So, here are the top 6 major health problems in India that we usually see in every age group. However, it is possible that you might have heard about all these names, but still, this article will help you understand the types of health problems that Indian people are suffering with.

Types of health problems in India –

1. Malnutrition

Malnutrition is one of the biggest health issue in India -

Starting the list, on the 1st number we have Malnutrition- one of the biggest health problems in India. It remains a significant health issue in India, affecting millions of children and adults. Malnutrition can lead to stunted growth, underweight individuals, and increased susceptibility to diseases. The problem is exacerbated by poverty and inadequate access to nutritious food. Keeping this in mind all efforts are being made to address this issue through various government programs such as the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) and the National Nutrition Mission (Poshan Abhiyan) to improve the nutritional status of women and children.

2. Air Pollution

Air Pollution most common major health problem in India -

Moving ahead on the 2nd number we have air pollution. So, as India is grappling with severe air pollution, especially in its metropolitan cities. The air quality is often hazardous, leading to respiratory problems, heart diseases, and even premature deaths. Emissions from vehicles, industrial activities, and construction contribute to this alarming problem. Hence, to combat air pollution, initiatives like the National Clean Air Program (NCAP) have been launched, aiming to reduce air pollution levels across cities in India.

3. Waterborne Diseases

Furthermore, Access to safe drinking water remains a challenge in many parts of India, leading to waterborne diseases such as diarrhea, cholera, and typhoid. Contaminated water sources and poor sanitation practices contribute to the spread of these diseases. Therefore, the government has taken steps to provide clean drinking water through schemes like the Swachh Bharat Mission and the Jal Jeevan Mission to ensure a safe and sustainable water supply in rural households.

4. Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs)

On the 4th rank we have Non-communicable diseases like diabetes, hypertension, and heart disease are on the rise in India. Unhealthy diets, sedentary lifestyles, and genetic factors contribute to the prevalence of NCDs. These conditions not only affect the quality of life but also impose a significant economic burden on individuals and the healthcare system. Well, promoting healthier lifestyles, regular health check-ups, and early detection are essential strategies to tackle NCDs effectively.

5. Mental Health Issues

Here comes the most serious health problem called mental well-being. Therefore, here we have Mental health problems. These are often overlooked in India due to stigma and a lack of awareness. Depression, anxiety, and stress-related disorders are becoming increasingly common, affecting people of all ages. The COVID-19 pandemic has further exacerbated these issues. Although, efforts to address mental health include government programs like the National Mental Health Program (NMHP) and the establishment of mental health clinics and helplines to provide support and counseling services.

6. Infectious Diseases

Finally, the 6th one is that infectious diseases like tuberculosis, malaria, and HIV/AIDS continue to pose a significant threat to public health in India. Overcrowded living conditions, limited access to healthcare, and poor awareness contribute to the spread of these diseases. However, the government has initiated various programs such as the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Program (RNTCP) and the National AIDS Control Program (NACP) to control and prevent the spread of infectious diseases.

Now, when we have talked about all the major problems saying this would not be bad that India faces a myriad of health challenges, ranging from malnutrition and air pollution to waterborne diseases and mental health issues. While the government has launched several programs to address these concerns, there is a need for collective efforts from individuals, communities, and policymakers to create a healthier future for the nation. Increasing awareness, promoting healthy lifestyles, and ensuring access to quality healthcare are crucial steps towards overcoming these major health problems in India.


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