Today’s day will be marked as a red-lettered day in the Indian history as the case that had been pending in the court for several decades has finally got its closure. The case that had languished the legal system of India has culminated.
The hearing of the case went on till 40 days, wherein all parties had presented their arguments in front of the Constitutional bench, headed by Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi and comprising of Justices SA Bobde, DY Chandrachaud, Ashok Bhushan and S Abdul Nazeer.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi took to Twitter and appealed to people to prioritize the India’s tradition of maintaining peace and harmony after the verdict.
Let’s have a look at events that have shaped the dispute over the centuries
1525: Mughal emperor Babur invaded India and captured most of the provinces in North India
1528:Babur’s general Mir Bagi had demolished the the temple of Lord Rama and built Masjid-i-Janmasthan on the site
1853:The site witnessed its first event of religious violence
1859:British Raj built railings to separate the places of worship. They allowed Muslims to utilize the inner area and the outer area was given to Hindus. Indians followed British’s order for 90 years.
1949: An idol of Lord Rama was placed under the dome of the masjid. Later government had declared to shut the gate for safety purposes.
1950: A plea was made in Faizabad Court to perform puja there. Another plea was made to seek the continuation of religious rituals and keeping idols in the structure.
1959: Nirmohi Akahara, a stakeholder in the land filed a suit seeking direction from the court gets charge of the dipsuted land
1984: Vishwa Hindu Parishad(VHP) formulates a committee under the leadership of leader of Bharatiya Janta Party Shri Lal Krishna Advani with the motif of releasing the birthplace of Lord Rama for the construction of the temple.
1986: A district court ordered to reopen the site for Hindus after which the government of UttarPradesh had acquired the land surrounding the site for the convenience of the devotees.
1992:On December 6, the activists stormed the compound and destroyed the Babri Masjid which resulted in Hindu-Muslim riots across the country.
1993: Government took over 67 acres of land surrounding the site to sought the opinion of High Court on the existence of the temple before construction of mosque.
2003: The Allahabad High Court asked ASI(Archaelogical Survey of India) to conduct an excavation survey. The report indicated the presence of temple.
2010:Lucknow Bench of High Court of Allahbad ordered the division of the disputed site into three equal parts, among Nirmohi Akahara, Rama Lalla and UP Sunni Central Waqf Board.
2014: Bharatiya Janata Party added the construction of Ram Mandir in its Lok Sabha’s election manifesto. The party won the elections by landslide victory and came to power.
2015: Vishwa Hindu Parishad initiated a campaign across the nation to gather stones for construction of Ram Mandir. But Akhilesh Yadav, Chief Minister of Bihar at that time didn’t allow the stones to get closer to the site.
2017: Supreme Court requests the stakeholders to find a settlement outside the court. Court ordered to reopen the criminal charges against the then BJP leader and LK Advani, Murli Manohar Joshi and Uma Bharti.
The Shia waqf Board gave an application as per which Ram Mandir would be constructed in Ayodhya and Mosque in Lucknow. However the application had faced staunch opposition from Sunni Waqf Board.
Feb,2018: Kapil Sibal, questioned the court hurry and pleaded the hearing to be stalled unto July 2019.
January 10,2019: Justice UU Lalit, recused himself from the case after which the hearing was postponed to 29th January
March 2019: Supreme Court appoints a mediation panel led by Reid FMI Judge Khallifulla for an amicable settlement. But all the efforts of Judge go in vain
October 15, 2019: After hearing the case for 40 days on daily basis, court reserved its order.