- A man in Uttar Pradesh was born with all his organs on the wrong side.
- He came to know about the rare disease when he visited the doctor as he had severe stomach ache.
- The congenital disease that the man is suffering from is called situs inversus.
There was a drastic change in man’s life living in Uttar Pradesh when he found out that all the organs in his body are placed on the wrong side.
Jamaluddin, who is a resident of Padrauna located in Uttar Pradesh’s Kushinagar consulted a doctor as he was suffering from stomach ache. When he was taken to Gorakhpur, he was diagnosed with a congenital disease called situs inversus. All of the organs in his body are placed on the opposite side. His heart is on the right side, his liver and gall bladder are on the left side. In many cases, a person can live their life without being aware of the disease.
Dr. Shashikant Dixit, a bariatric laparoscopic surgeon, was perplexed after seeing X-ray and ultrasound reports of the patient.
Spanish singer Enrique Iglesias, Canadian-American Singer Catherine O’Hara, and American singer Donny Osmond are some famous people who have been diagnosed with situs inversus.
“We found stones in his gall bladder, but it will be extremely difficult to remove the stones as his gall bladder is on the left side. We will have to take the help of three-dimensional laparoscopic machines to perform the surgery,” the doctor said.
The exact cause of dextrocardia with situs inversus is not known, but the condition results from abnormal positioning of the internal organs during fetal development. Some people suffer due to underlying condition termed as primary ciliary dyskinesia. This rare condition is witnessed in the human body when mutations occur in various genes including DNAI1 and DNAH5.
25% of affected people suffering from this congenital disease have inherited it in an autosomal recessive manner which means a person must have a mutation in both the copies of the responsible gene in each cell. The parents of an affected person usually carry on a mutated copy of the gene known as carriers.
In some cases, the disease is diagnosed by performing an x-ray or ultrasound. Computed tomography(CT) scanning is the most preferred examination to confirm the diagnosis of the disease. Magnetic resonance imaging may be substituted in cases that are associated with congenital heart defects like the presence of a hole in the heart, blockage in arteries to name a few.
The person is not supposed to undergo any sort of treatment if he doesn’t have any other physical problem like stones in the gall bladder, blockage in arteries, to name a few. If the person is having any sort of aforementioned problems, then a chirurgical operation including organ transplant is required.