Over 60% of female students are anaemic in Delhi colleges. The result is an analysis of data collected from a progressing anaemia detection and awareness camps of the Delhi govt.
The National average of anaemia among females of age between 15 to 49 years is 53%. According to NFHS-4 (National Family Health Survey-4), the anaemia among women in Delhi is 54.3%. Furthermore, as per the new survey; anaemia among female students in Delhi Colleges if 59.8%.
Colleges of Delhi University for say Mata Sundri College, Janki Devi Memorial College, Maitreyi College along with others were the part of the survey.
It is a state of body in which the number of RBCs (Red Blood cells) or their Oxygen carrying capacity is inadequate to meet the physiological needs. Physiological needs may vary by sex, pregnancy period, altitude, latitude difference, age, smoking habits.
The main cause of Anaemia is ‘Iron Deficiency’. Although further conditions such as folate, Vitamin A and Vitamin B12 deficiencies, parasitic infections, chronic inflammation and inherited disorders; the agency for anaemia.
Causes of Anaemia
- Sometimes, the immune system of the body works against itself causing ‘autoimmune reaction’ type situation.
- acute blood loss by an injury or any accidents
- desolation of red blood cells
- deficiency of iron and bad diet
- Moreover, Anaemia can also be genetically transferred
- menstruation blood loss
- chronic kidney diseases
- endocrine deformities
Weakness, reduction in-breath, headache, fast heartbeat, dizziness, annoying mood, pale and dry skin.
- Nutritionally balanced diet
- eat vegetables rich in iron comprising of leafy vegetables, radish, carrot, tomatoes, beetroots
- eat fruits rich in iron including apples, bananas, pomegranate.
- Medicines prescribed by the doctor.
Diagnosis of Anaemia
However, anaemia is diagnosed by a blood test, taking consideration of Red blood cells and white blood cells. It can be done through CBP (complete blood picture) also. Examination of bone marrow to find the iron storage capacity of the body; used to diagnose anaemia.
Commonness of Anaemia
Anaemia in children and women ha been a major problem in India for the last several decades. As per NFHS (National Family Health Survey)-4, the average of anaemia among women aged between 15-49 is 53% and for Delhi, it is 54.3%.
Good news for National average as it came down to 53%(NFHS-4) from 55.3(NFHS-3). However, bad news for the capital city. Anaemia in Delhi is rose from 44.3% to 54.3%. According to the Global Nutrition Report 2017, half of the Indian women of reproductive age (15-49) are anaemic.
Moreover, it includes an economic cost in it. In other words, low haemoglobin led to low productivity and cause illness and even death. The reduction in GDP to anaemia was determined to be $22.64 Billion in 2016. This amount is thrice of the health budget for 2017-18. According to WHO, Men who is having haemoglobin less than 13g/dL are anaemic and in women, it is less than 12.0g/dL. For Pregnant women, it is 11g/dL. In India, 20% of maternal deaths are caused due to anaemia.
Government Initiatives to tackle Anaemia
- Anemia Mukt Bharat (AMB)
- National Anaemia Prophylaxis programme
- weekly iron and folic acid supplementation program
- National Nutritional Anaemia Control Program
- Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan (PMSMA)